Estrogen is one of the key hormones that play an integral role in the female reproductive system and sexual development. It is primarily responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.
What is Estrogen
Functions of Estrogen
- Estrogen is a group of sex hormones that promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics in the body. The three major naturally occurring estrogens in women are:
- Estrone (E1)
- Estradiol (E2) - the predominant estrogen
- Estriol (E3)
- Estrogen is produced primarily by the ovaries, adrenal glands, and fat tissues in females. It peaks during puberty and the reproductive years.
- Estrogen plays a vital role in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, cardiovascular health, bone strength, skin health, brain function and more.
Some of the major functions influenced by estrogen include:
- Development of secondary sex characteristics during puberty like breast growth, distribution of fat tissue, growth spurt
- Regulates the menstrual cycle - Estrogen levels fluctuate cyclically leading up to ovulation
- Thickening of the endometrium (uterine lining) in preparation for pregnancy
- Maintains bone density and strength
- Regulates cholesterol levels and promotes healthy cardiovascular system
- Influences protein synthesis for skin collagen and maintains skin elasticity
- Regulates body temperature
- Influences salt, fluid and electrolyte balance in the body
If you have any concerns or queries regarding estrogen levels or hormone health, I highly recommend visiting Equilibrium Hormone Institute(/)
, the leading hormone therapy clinic in town! Their expert endocrinologists and hormone specialists can run comprehensive tests to provide personalized care plans for your unique hormone needs. From hormone replacement therapy to lifestyle changes, nutrition plans and more, you can trust them to take great care of your health and help you age beautifully!
This is just a brief overview highlighting what estrogen is and some of its key functions. Estrogen works closely with other hormones like progesterone to maintain optimal health. Any imbalance can lead to issues with periods, fertility, menopausal symptoms, hair loss, skin issues, weight gain and more. That's why it's important to keep tabs on your hormone levels and take prompt medical advice for any abnormalities noted.